Landsberg – Geschichte - 20. Jahrhundert – Zeitgeschichte – NS Geschichte


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Landsberg in the spotlite of history


Landsberg’s contemporary history is much more than just the history of a German town. It's like holding a burning glass over the map of Germany. In a fateful way, Landsberg is the focal point for decisive chapters of 20th-century history: Stages of the rise and fall of the “Third Reich”, and the historical reappraisal of everything the Nazi regime left behind.


During his imprisonment in Landsberg in 1923/1924, Adolf Hitler wrote "Mein Kampf”.

As of 1933, Landsberg presents itself as "Hitlertown" and “City of the Führer". The former Hitler cell becomes a National Socialist’s place of pilgrimage. In 1937, the city is officially declared "City of the Youth". Following the Nuremburg Rallies in 1937 and 1938, delegations of the Hitler Youth march from Nuremberg to Landsberg, for the final rally of the "Confessional March of the German Youth”.

Not far from the place where Hitler wrote his doctrine of racial fanaticism in1923/1924, his criminal and perverted theories became a horrible reality. In eleven concentration camps that formed the Kaufering concentration camp complex, the manpower of 23,000 mainly Jewish inmates was systematically exploited. The concentration camp prisoners themselves called the camps "cold crematoria". 6,500 concentration camp prisoners were hastily buried in mass graves around Kaufering and Landsberg.

Many of the war criminals arrested in the American zone were to be punished for their actions in the prison in Landsberg. The same prison where Hitler put down in writing his National Socialist ideology was designated as War Criminal Prison No. 1 by the United States Army's Military Police (MPs). 248 war criminals, including Oswald Pohl, Otto Ohlendorf and Paul Blobl, were executed here until 7 June, 1951.

And in 1945, after the liberation of the concentration camps, one of the largest DP (displaced persons) camps was established in Landsberg.



The European Holocaust Memorial Foundation

Main task of the European Holocaust Memorial Foundation (Europäische Holocaustgedenkstätte Stiftung e.V.) is, above all, to maintain and develop the European Holocaust Memorial (former concentration camp Kaufering VII) as a witness to the crimes of National Socialism, as a place of remembrance of the suffering of the victims and as an educational place for future generations.In addition, it aims to contribute to keeping alive and passing on the knowledge of historical events in people's awareness.

Therefore, the Foundation considers the planning, design and construction of a documentation centre for the concentration camp complex Kaufering/Landsberg a fundamental duty.

The European Holocaust Memorial Foundation - former concentration camp Kaufering VII

This includes the development of exhibition concepts, the dissemination of knowledge about historical events at the authentic location, as well as research and communication of contemporary history in Landsberg County. Moreover, its tasks also include the exchange and cooperation with other memorial sites, information and documentation centres, museums, universities and schools.

The Foundation has compiled sources, archival material and objects from a wide variety of collections and makes them available for science, research and youth work.




Landsberger Zeitgeschichte
Landsbergs Contemporary history
© Manfred Deiler, 2015 Landsberg am Lech
Europäische Holocaustgedenkstätte Stiftung e.V.
European Holocaust Memorial Foundation e.V.